Sikkim is a land of immense scenic beauty, natural charm and a variety of fauna and flora. The third highest mountain in the world Kanchanjunga (8,586 meters) is situated here. 'Sikkim' commonly attributed to the Tsong word 'Su-Khim' means New or Happy House. Sikkim has a lot of open monasteries, chortens, flying prayer flags and lofty stupas all giving a tinge of mysticism. Siliguri junction (114 km from Gangtok) and New Jalpaiguri Junction (125 km from Gangtok) are the two closest railway stations to this Himalayan state of India. Bus service for Bangkok (Thailand) is available from Darjeeling and Kalimpong also. Calcutta is the starting point for travel by air. Indian Airlines operate a regular scheduled flight between Calcutta (Dum Dum airport) and Bagdogra. A Dakota service between Calcutta and Ambri is also available. The entrance to the state of Sikkim is at the border town of Rongpo, which is located in the Tista valley. Rongpo is a small town famous for the liquors and wines produced here. It is a great market for oranges.
Gangtok is the capital of Sikkim. Its name means the 'High Hill'. Situated at a height of over five thousand feet above sea level, the city looks to be tucked away in a cloud sprawling over a hill. Kanchanjunga, renders a spectacular view from Gangtok, with its magnificent snow and ice scenery. Some of the important sites of the city of Gangtok, like the Palace, Palace Chapel Tsuklakhang, the Deer park, Institute of Tibetology and the Namgyal chorten are located on the spine of the ridge. Other Important tourist destinations in the state of Sikkim include Tusklakhang, which is the venue of all important festivals and festivities.
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The Park covers an area of around 1400 sq.km. The Tent Peak and the ridge of Zemu glaciers, on the east by the ridge of Mt. Lamaongden, on the west by Mt. Kanchendzonga and in the south by Mt. Narsing and Mt. Pandim, bind it on the north. Wildlife found in this Park are the snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, red panda, barking deer, blood pheasant, civet cats, black eagle etc.
Gangtok the capital of Sikkim is situated at a height of 5,500ft. The present capital was shifted from Tumlong in 1894 by Chogyal Thutob Namgyal and is today the centre for political, commercial, religious and cultural activities of the Sikkimese people. Gangtok offers the tourists all modern amenities for pleasure and comfort. There are a good number of luxurious and moderate hotels including modern shopping complexes, cyber cafes etc. As per the 2001 provisional census, the population of the town is around 29,162.
In summer the maximum temperature in Sikkim is 28 degrees Celsius and a minimum of 13 degrees Celsius, and during winter the maximum temperature goes up to 18 degrees Celsius and a minimum of 7 degrees.